Claudio Naranjo is an elder statesman of the U.S. and global Human Potential Movement and the spiritual renaissance of the late 20th century. He studied medicine, music, and philosophy in Chile, where he also was a resident at the University of Chile Psychiatric Clinic under Matte-Blanco. He taught psychology of art at the Catholic University and social psychiatry at the School of Journalism, University of Chile, and served as Director of the Center for Studies in Medical Anthropology.
After coming to live in the United States, Dr. Naranjo was among the staff of the early stage of Esalen Institute, where he became one of the three successors to Fritz Perls. Later his life's pilgrimage brought him in contact with various spiritual masters including Swami Muktananda, Idries Shah, Oscar Ichazo, Suleyman Dede, H. H. the XVIth Karmapa, and, most decisively, Tarthang Tulku Rinpoche. Also, he was at one time Research Associate at the Institute for Personality Assessment and Research on the U.C. Berkeley Campus and associate of Raymond Cattell at the Institute of Personality and Ability Testing. He has taught comparative religion at the California Institute of Asian Studies, humanistic psychology at the University of California in Santa Cruz, meditation at Nyingma Institute in Berkeley, California, and he was the founder of SAT Institute, an integrative psycho-spiritual school, now headquartered in Spain.
Dr. Naranjo is the honorary president of two Gestalt Institutes, Fellow of the Institute of Cultural Research in London, and member of the U.S. Club of Rome. He is considered one of the pioneers of the Human Potential Movement, and his introduction of “Fourth Way” ideas to psychotherapy is an instance of his work as an integrator at the interface between psychotherapy and the spiritual traditions. At present he is primarily dedicated to an integrative and transpersonal education of psychotherapists in various European and South American countries. His approach to educational reform and innovation is based his development over decades of transformative training and educational technology for professionals all around the globe. A Festschrift volume is in preparation honoring Dr. Naranjo’s 70th birthday.
Claudio Naranjo's published works include The One Quest (Viking Press, 1972), The Psychology of Meditation (Penguin, 1972), The Healing Journey (Pantheon Books, 1974), La Vieja y Novísima Gestalt: Actitud y Práctica (Editorial Cuatro Vientos, 1990), Ennea-type Structures (Gateways Books, 1991, 2004), Gestalt Therapy: The Attitude and Practice of an Atheoretical Experientialism (Gateways Books, 1993, and Crown House, U.K., 2000), Gestalt After Fritz (published by Era Naciente, 1993, as Gestalt sin Fronteras), The End of Patriarchy and the Dawning of a Tri-une Society (Dharma Enterprises, 1994, and Kairós, 1993, as La Agonía del Patriarcado), Character & Neurosis: An Integrative View (Gateways Books, 1994), Enneatypes in Psychotherapy (Hohm Press, 1994), Transformation Through Insight: Enneatypes in Life, Literature and Clinical Practice (HOHM Press, 1997), El Enneagrama de la Sociedad (Temas de Hoy, 1995, Ediciones La Llave, 2000), The Divine Child and the Hero (Gateways Books, 1999), The Enneagram of Society: Healing the Soul to Heal the World (Gateways Books, 2004), Cambiar La Educación Para Cambiar el Mundo (Ediciones La Llave, 2004).
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